Page 2

Parent Patriotic Organizations
Date 5 March 1947
Language English
Collection Tavenner Papers & IMTFE Official Records
Box Box 4
Folder General Reports and Memoranda from March 1947
Repository University of Virginia Law Library
of their nation's prestige. Such groups have not been included in the listing which follows. Japanese Nationalism began in the last part of the 19th century with the formation of the three societies from which most of the later ones descended. In 1877 TOYAMA Mitsuru, who may be called "the father of Japanese Nationalism, bounded the GENYO SHA (DARK SEA SOCIETY). IOGI Ryczo and IN0UE Enryo founded the SEIKYO SHA (POLITICS AND RELIGION SOCIETY) in 1888 and 11 years later the most widely publicized of ail the societies was established by UCHIDA Ryohei. This was the KOKURYU KAI commonly known as THE BLACK DRAGON SOCIETY although a more correct interpretation would be the AMUR RIVER SOCIETY as it was founded by a group of patriots who expounded the theory of extending Japan's borders as far as the Amur River in China. A similarity of Kanji characters gave rise to the Black Dragon translation which was found more favorable for use by propagandists of nations opposing Japan's expansion. The great wave of nationalism which broke over Japan in the early twenties gave rise to a mushroom growth of societies of varying degrees of nationalism extending from associations of scholars to the violently radical assassination leagues. There follows a listing of these ultra-nationalistic societies, membership in which would indicate that the person at one time had strong tendencies toward a furtherance of the imperialistic aims of Japan's military radicals. Of course there was friction between the various societies in many cases as there were divergent opinions as to how best the Imperial Rule might be extended. ULTRA-NATIONALISTIC SOCIETIES DAIGAKI RYO (Daigaku School) founded by OKAWA Shumei, YASUOKA Masaatsu and OBI Harutoshi. SAKURA KAI (Cherry Blossom Society)