Doc. No. 6907 III. CULTURAL AND TRADE AGREEMENTS BETWEEN JAPAN, GERMANY AND ITALY The evidence will show that cultural and trade agree¬ments parallelled political and military collaboration between the Axis powers. Within the framework of the Anti-Comintern Pact, and in furtherance of its spirit, cultural treaties were concluded between Germany and Japan i on 25 November 1938 and Italy and Japan on 23 March 1939- These treaties provided for systematic promotion of cultural relations in the fields of science, fine arts, music, literature, motion pictures, radio broadcasts, child and youth movements, sports, and so forth. The result sought to be obtained was alleged to be the strengthening of the ties of friendship between the nations concerned. Commercial arrangements were made throughout the entire period of Japanese German collaboration but these are too numerous and of too detailed a character to justify an ex¬tensive description in this opening statement. Raw materials intended for use in military operations in Europe were made available to Germany by Japan from the Netherlands East Indies, French Indo-China and China. Special trade con¬siderations over other nations were given Germany in China. In this connection Japan insisted that "North China" as used in a commercial agreement should be changed to "Chixia," for the reason that Japan intended to dominate and control commerce and trade in all of China.