Born in 1921; died in 2000. American Vice Consul in Chungking and Nanking, China from 1945 to 1949. Vice Consul in Teheran from 1944 to 1945. Professor of political science and the Middle East at Portland State College. Also, professor at American University in Cairo, Egypt. Graduate of the University of South Carolina and the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (run by Harvard and Tufts universities).