The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

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Japan - Economic Situation

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 17 - Dyes

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the role of Dyes in Japan's economy. Entered in as Defense Document 500-A-17. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Prior to the war, Japan was the fourth or fifth largest dye-producing country with a significant export trade to the major industrial countries in the world although they were "not a formal member" of the International Dye Cartel. Points out that "the raw materials, crudes and intermediates, and basic technology of dye manufacture are common to an endless variety of products needed to prosecute a war." Concludes that "notwithstanding the considerations of the direct military value of a dye industry, the continued existence of this industry, but on a very reduced scale, would be justified to some extent on the basis of the adaptability of the industry to Japan, including the availability of certain requisite raw material
Date: 
1945CE May

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 15 - Fats, Oils, and Oil-Bearing Materials

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the Fats, Oils, and Oil-Bearing Materials industry in Japan's economy. Entered as Defense Document 500-A-15. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Gives import and export totals pre-war, describing how only 60% of Japan's need was supplied by domestic production with the remainder being supplemented by imports from its Empire and other areas in Asia. Its main source for domestic oil supplies came from fish. Analyzes necessary domestic production in order for the population needs to be met in the post-war era. Concludes "should Japan be allowed to export some fats or oils or increase its consumption, then imports would have to be increased accordingly." [Note: Date field reflects when the original document was written and not the date the IPS reproduced the document for inclusion in evidence]
Date: 
1945CE May

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 21 - Zinc

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the role of Zinc in the Japanese economy. Entered as Defense Document 500-A-21. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Report finds that Japan has been heavy on imports of zinc, a material necessary for modern industry. States "the Japanese zinc supply in the form of both ore and metal may be controlled to the degree necessary by a system of import licensing or some other system of import control." Concludes that "the misallowance of exports of zinc and more especially zinc products from Japan might provide an opportunity for the expansion of zinc smelting and refining and the production of zinc consuming materials (such as sheet metal) in Korea and Manchuria rather than Japan after the war." [Note: Date field reflects when the original document was written and not the date the IPS reproduced the document for inclusion in evidence]
Date: 
1945CE Jun

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 20 - Salt

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the role of Salt in Japan's economy. Entered as Defense Document 500-A-20. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Historically, Japan was the largest salt importing country in the world prior to the war and the industry operated under the monopolistic control of the government. Gives estimates on the future value of imports given a number of scenarios, including Japan's policy toward chemical industries. [Note: Date field reflects when the original document was written and not the date the IPS reproduced the document for inclusion in evidence]
Date: 
1945CE Jun

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 18 - Potassium Salts

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the role of Potassium Salts in Japan's economy. Entered as Defense Document 500-A-18. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Describes how potassium salts were important for industry and in agriculture as fertilizer. During the war, Japan's supply lines were cut so by 1942 "the supply became so acute that potassium salts were put on the critical list and every effort was made to increase domestic output." Predicts that in the post-war era, "restriction on Japanese industry will tend to reduce the demand for potassium salts by industry and the curtailment of Japanese silk production and the likely general scarcity of foreign exchange might force Japanese agriculture to rely to a greater extent on 'self-supply' to provide its available potash (K2O)." As a result, "although potassium salts are important to the Japanese civilian economy,
Date: 
1945CE Jun

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 19 - Wheat and Wheat Flour

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the role of Wheat and Wheat Flour in Japan's economy. Entered as Defense Document 500-A-19. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Finds that prior to 1932, Japan was a heavy net importer of wheat, but due to the increase in population, Japan quickly because a net exporter. Gives figures for how this change affected the development of the wheat trade. Discusses the reliance of Japan on Empire areas for wheat flour and possible outcomes of dismemberment of the Empire on trade. Goes on to describes the production of wheat and flour, as well as the types of imports and exports. [Note: Date field reflects when the original document was written and not the date the IPS reproduced the document for inclusion in evidence]
Date: 
1945CE Jun

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 13 - Soybeans

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on Soybeans as a commodity and investigates its position in Japan's economy as a raw material. Gives the primary uses of Soybeans and trade relations with other foreign countries for the commodity. Concludes that they have been very important in Japan's economy and potential change in the post war era. [Note: Date field reflects when the original document was written and not the date the IPS reproduced the document for inclusion in evidence]
Date: 
1945CE May

Japanese Trade Studies, Special Industry Analysis No. 16 - Hides and Skins, Tanning Materials, Leather, and Leather Manufactures

Contributors: 
Description: 
Report prepared for the Foreign Economic Administration by a member of the staff of the United States Tariff Commission. This study focuses on the Hides and Skins, Tanning Materials, Leather and Leather Manufactures in Japan's economy. Entered as Defense Document 500-A-16. Handwritten note states "Reproduce all. Smith." Gives an historic overview of how, under normal trade circumstances, "the leather industry was dependent on foreign sources for supply." Gives detailed figures for net imports over various years. Finds that the "continued existence of the Japanese leather and leather goods industries appears essential to the Japanese economy." Advises how to revive and sustain the exports of leather industry to China and other Asiatic countries in order to rebuild the economy. [Note: Date field reflects when the original document was written and not the date the IPS reproduced the document for inclusion in evidence]
Date: 
1945CE May

Tokyo News No. 4,554-A

Description: 
News excerpts from the Tokyo News (focused on Economic Issues) issued by Tokyo News Service, Ltd. Headlines includes: 1948 Trade Plan Revealed, Both Experts and Imports to Reach $800,000,000, Coal and Iron and Steel Imports to be Requested; Katayama Cabinet Exercises Self-Criticism of Own Economic Policies; Children to Receive Special Food Rations as 2,000,000 Tons of Food Are to be Imported; To Stop Blackmarket Transport, Shipment Certificates for Essentials; Poisonous Insects of Ginza (Letter to the Editor); New Edition of 'Yernal Awakening', 7 Year Old Girl Becomes Pregnant; Sugar May be Made from Sawdust, Experiments Made; Summary of News in Japanese Times
Date: 
1947CE Aug 29th

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