The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Japanese-Chinese Relations

Manchurian War Blamed on Army News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ken Inukai (son of the late premier Tsuyoshi Inukai) and Baron Reijiro Wataksuki, both of whom testified that "extremist elements in the Japanese army planned and carried out the conquest of Manchuria in complete defiance of the wishes of Emperor Hirohito and the civilian governments in power at the time." They discussed Araki and Minami as well as the aggressive actions that occurred in China.

Aggression Plot to Link 3 Areas in Continent Bared News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka regarding propaganda, the patriotic league Sakurai Kai, the Kwantung Army, and aggression in Manchuria. Names specific policies taken by the Tojo government and the Five Year Plan for Manchuoka. At one point, the article states "Prosecutor Sackett then attempted to delve into the autonomous movements that were launched in Mongolia and North China. Lawrence J. McManus, defense counsel, objected heatedly to the devastating statements made by Tanaka on the ground of irrelevancy, but Justice Webb declared that the issues before the Tribunal were so vast, multitudinous, involved and co-related that he could hardly judge what is and what is not relevant."

Use of Force Urged by Jap Militarists News Article

Description: 
Discusses a report from Sadaichi Yoshimoto (former chief of staff of Japan's Central China Expeditionary Army) to Masataka Yamazaki (minister of war in 1939) that "advocated the blockading of the Yangtze River to 'drive out British influence.'" The report further argued for the use of force to stop Great Britain from aiding Chiang Kai-shek. Other brief news wire service reports discuss the trial of Toshio Takeshita in Yokohama, the "inadequacy" of sentences in Yokohama according to Lt. Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, and the fact that "Germany urged Japan to start war in 1941" according to Hiroshi Oshima when he relayed his discussions with German Foreign Minister Ribbentrop.

Facts on Jap Military Rise Told at Trial News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the testimony offered by Ken Inukai, "diet member," whose father was a former Premier who was killed on May 15, 1932. Topics discussed included the killing of his father, the Manchurian Incident, and relations with China. Other testimony was given by Isamu Fujita, a newspaper publisher, who spoke against Kingoro Hashimoto and Shumei Okawa regarding Manchuria.

Jap Intrigue in North China Told at Trial News Article

Description: 
Reports on the Soviet-Mongolian Protocol that was revealed in court in which "as early as November, 1934, the Soviet Union and the Mongolian Peoples' Republic had a 'gentleman's agreement' for mutual military aid supposedly to counter-act Japanese expansion in the Republic." Excerpts from the secret agreements were read into evidence. Brief news wire service reports alert readers that Martin Bormann, "Hitler's missing deputy part leader, was seen in Munich only a week ago and that a house to house search for him is going on." Also gives an update on the Nuremberg trials where assistant prosecutor Charles Dubost presented the closing argument for France and joined Great Britain in calling for the death penalty for the top Nazis on trial.

Shidehara Says China Caused Peace Failure News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Kijuro Shidehara who stated that "disagreement within the Chinese Government prevented the success of peace meetings following the Manchurian Incident" and that there was "no difficulty on the Japanese side." Further testimony explores the sequence of events and negotiations regarding Manchuria.

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