The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Japanese Nationalism / Nationalistic Societies

Hatoyama May Face War Crimes Charges News Article

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Description: 
Reports on how HATAYOMA was denied the premiership by SCAP because of his "career as secretary on the notorious Tanaka Cabinet from 1927 to 1929" as well as his ultra-nationalistic speeches and writings. Indicates that Hatayoma may be tried as a war criminal and that "SCAP says he shares blame for formulating peace preservation law."
Date: 
1946CE May 9th

Aggression Plot to Link 3 Areas in Continent Bared News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka regarding propaganda, the patriotic league Sakurai Kai, the Kwantung Army, and aggression in Manchuria. Names specific policies taken by the Tojo government and the Five Year Plan for Manchuoka. At one point, the article states "Prosecutor Sackett then attempted to delve into the autonomous movements that were launched in Mongolia and North China. Lawrence J. McManus, defense counsel, objected heatedly to the devastating statements made by Tanaka on the ground of irrelevancy, but Justice Webb declared that the issues before the Tribunal were so vast, multitudinous, involved and co-related that he could hardly judge what is and what is not relevant."

Jap Schoolboys Taught to Love War, Court Told News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Lt. Col. Donald R. Nugent (who served as the head of Gen. MacArthur's civil information and education section). Under questioning by assistant prosecutor Valentine Hammack, Nugent stated that "up to 40 per cent of a student's time in schools at Wakayama and Osaka . . . was taken up with militaristic studies." Also goes into detail regarding how the defense counsel tried to counter Nugent's testimony and trip him up. Summarizes what the prosecution hopes to achieve during the first phase of the chase, including "that Jap militarists began an organized campaign in 1922 to condition the national mind of aggressive warfare."

Show Film at Trials as Proof of Jap Military Education News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the viewing of the "Critical Period in Japan" during the tribunal proceedings as supporting proof offered by the prosecution against Sadao Araki. The film was a propaganda piece used to promote militarism and imperialism prior to the war. The defense protested the viewing due to the short notice and Sir William Webb ultimately adjourned the court until Monday so that both the prosecution and defense would have time to prepare.

Prof Testifies Jap Education Aimed at War News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by "Prof. Hyoe Oichi of the Imperial University of Tokyo" who stated that "one of the purposes of military training in Japanese schools was the domination of the world." Oichi spent 11 months in custody which the defense tried to prove was a result of Communist activities. Oichi offered a picture of how professors were supposed to teach Japanese students, including the fact that "the idea of world domination was 'woven into Japanese education." Also testifying was Prof. Yukitaki Takikawa of Kyoto University.

Propaganda for War Brought Up at Trial News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Nobumi Ito, former President of the Board of Information, regarding the use of propaganda to prepare the Japanese populace of war with the United States and Great Britain. Describes in detail the actions taken by the Japanese government to use propaganda as early as 1930 to build support for action in Manchuria. Also testifying to the use of propaganda was former Education Minister Tamon Mayeda who asserted that Shumei Okawa was "one of the leading writers of that period, urging expansion and control of Manchuria." Other materials submitted into evidence by the prosecution to build their case regarding the use of propaganda included "a set of paper theatrical pictures which Akio Saki, president of the Nippon Kamishibai Kaisha, claimed were shown to children throughout Japan." The end of the article addressed ongoing translation concerns voiced by the defense.

The Military Clique by Ryūkichi Tanaka

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Description: 
敗因を衝く : 軍閥専横の実相 / Haiin o tsuku : Gunbatsu sen'ō no jissō. This is Ryūkichi Tanaka's thoughts on Japan's defeat. Tanaka served in various military positions throughout Japan's aggression in Manchuria and World War II. He served as an important witness during the Tokyo War Crimes Trial. The publication is entirely in Japanese and was published in 1946 (Showa 21) by Sansuisha. The cover page has a dedication to "Mr. Capt. Phelp, 1946, 22, Feb, ā Tokyo" from Tanaka (possibly Ryukichi Tanaka and not another individual). Only the front cover, spine, cover page with signature, and back cover have been digitized and presented on this digital archive due to copyright restrictions.
Date: 
1946CE Feb 22nd

Document No. 1909

Description: 
Transcripts and summaries related to Japanese propaganda films "Glorious Japan" found on 3 reels (and divided into four parts). "Glorious Japan" was "dedicated to the people of Japan, as a historical record of Japan's efforts for the past two years for peace in the Orient." Lists the individuals involved in its production.

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