The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Press - Response to Trial

Soviet Representatives on Tribunal Arrives News Article

Description: 
Reports that A. E. Zaryanov (Soviet representative for the IMTFE) and S. A. Golunsky (Soviet associate prosecutor) have arrived in Tokyo to assume their positions for the war crimes tribunal. Another news wire piece reports that Chen Kung-po, Japanese appointed puppet in China, was sentenced to death in Soochow.

Tojo's Defense Challenges Two Allied Charges News Article

Description: 
Reports on the defense strategy of refuting the charges of fostering aggressive war that have been lodged against the Japanese accused. Discusses how Japanese defense counsel, Ichiro Kiyose, plans to show that the Japanese differed from the Germans and make connections to the Potsdam declaration.

Hatoyama May Face War Crimes Charges News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on how HATAYOMA was denied the premiership by SCAP because of his "career as secretary on the notorious Tanaka Cabinet from 1927 to 1929" as well as his ultra-nationalistic speeches and writings. Indicates that Hatayoma may be tried as a war criminal and that "SCAP says he shares blame for formulating peace preservation law."
Date: 
1946CE May 9th

Evidence in Jap Trials Assailed by Chicagoan News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the commentary offered by Lt. Robert J. Collins, defense attorney representing Major Yaichi Rikitake at the Yokohama war crimes trials. Rikitake was charged with "the death of 150 allied prisoners." Collins maintained that hearsay evidence admitted through affidavit would never have been allowed in the American court system, but was being allowed at the war crimes trial. Other news items reported on include the sentencing of Isamu Ishihara for torturing American prisoners while serving as an interpreter at Shanghai prisoner camps and the execution of thirteen Japanese convicted of war crimes in Canberra, Australia.

Powell Says Shigemitsu Sought Peace News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the prosecution's witness testimony of John B. Powell who stated that Mamoru Shigemitsu "did 'all he could' to restore peace in Shanghai after the outbreak of hostilities there in 1932." Powell also recounted the movements of the Chinese 19th Route Army around Shanghai after the Manchurian Incident. This was the second day of Powell's testimony for the prosecution's "All China Military Aggression Phase." On the first day he discussed the treatment of prisoners of war by the Japanese army.

Japanese Forces Said Unprepared for China Affair News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of General Hayao Tada who told the Tribunal that "no plans for the Pacific War were made during his tenure of office as Vice-Chief of General Staff between August, 1937 and December, 1938." He repeatedly emphasized that "fighting in China had broken out spontaneously." The prosecution objected to his testimony and brought up the earlier affidavit given by Colonel David D. Barrett who "believed that the incident at Wanping, near Marco Polo Bridge, was the 'carefully prepared excuse for the second stage of Japan's undeclared war on China.'" Also discusses the defense cross-examination of Wang Len-chai, magistrate of Wanpinghsian and the introduction of the prosecution's witness, A. A. Dorrance, "formerly manager of the Standard Oil Company in Hankow."

How it Wasn't Newsweek News Article

Description: 
Newsweek article that reports on the defense arguments against the authority of the tribunal. Reports on how the defense argued that "Japan did not surrender unconditionally. The attack on Pearl Harbor was no more murderous than the dropping of the atom bomb. Planning and waging war are not crimes against the peace." The article then gives a vivid description on Keenan's response to the allegations and the subsequent arguments that occurred between the defense and prosecution teams.
Date: 
1946CE May 27th

Discord Prevalent on China Incident, Defendant Reveals News Article

Description: 
Reports on Kenryo Sato's thoughts regarding Japan's policy towards the China Incident. Sato served as the Press Section Chief of the War Ministry. In a series of speeches entered into evidence, the Tribunal heard about the disorganized policy and the "disagreement among the governmental ministries." In addition, other excerpts told of "a number of efforts to bring about peace including an attempt at mediation by the German Ambassador in Tokyo, as well as peace feelers by Chiang Kai-shek." Also describes Hachiro Arita's role regarding China and that the prosecution's submission of evidence "created such a wrangle that the court proceedings were reduced to a snail's pace."

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