The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

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Witnesses

Powell Says Shigemitsu Sought Peace News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the prosecution's witness testimony of John B. Powell who stated that Mamoru Shigemitsu "did 'all he could' to restore peace in Shanghai after the outbreak of hostilities there in 1932." Powell also recounted the movements of the Chinese 19th Route Army around Shanghai after the Manchurian Incident. This was the second day of Powell's testimony for the prosecution's "All China Military Aggression Phase." On the first day he discussed the treatment of prisoners of war by the Japanese army.

Japanese Forces Said Unprepared for China Affair News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of General Hayao Tada who told the Tribunal that "no plans for the Pacific War were made during his tenure of office as Vice-Chief of General Staff between August, 1937 and December, 1938." He repeatedly emphasized that "fighting in China had broken out spontaneously." The prosecution objected to his testimony and brought up the earlier affidavit given by Colonel David D. Barrett who "believed that the incident at Wanping, near Marco Polo Bridge, was the 'carefully prepared excuse for the second stage of Japan's undeclared war on China.'" Also discusses the defense cross-examination of Wang Len-chai, magistrate of Wanpinghsian and the introduction of the prosecution's witness, A. A. Dorrance, "formerly manager of the Standard Oil Company in Hankow."

More Facts Shown on Military Training News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Yukitoki Takikawa and Hyoe Ouchi regarding graduation requirements for Kyoto Imperial University (including mandatory military training and lectures). They offered insight into the military training that accompanied the school's curriculum. Also recounts how the cross-examination of Ouchi progressed.

News Man Who Lost Feet as PW to Testify News Article

Description: 
Reports that John B. Powell, a newspaperman stationed in Shanghai during Japanese occupation has returned to Tokyo in order to testify to the conditions he witnessed during his time as a prisoner-of-war at the Bridge-House prison camp. He was ultimately repatriated to the United States in 1942 where he spent the following three years in a hospital as a result of the gangrene he contracted while imprisoned.

Trial Defense May Ask Hull, to Testify News Article

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Description: 
Reports that former Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Chinese Communist General Choux En-laic "may be asked to appear before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East as defense witnesses for ex-Premier Hideki Tojo and the 26 other class A war criminal suspects." Other rumors circulating at the tribunal suggest that Republican Senators Owen Browser and Homer Ferguson might be subpoenaed in relation to their work on the Pearl Harbor Investigating Committee.

Pu Yi Here to Testify at Trials News Article

Description: 
Reports on the arrival of Henry Pu Yi, Japanese puppet ruler of Manchuria, at the Atsugi airport. He flew in from Russia (where was being held in custody) and was expected to testify sometime late in the following week before the tribunal. The article concluded that "Pu Yi's testimony is expected to throw a searching light on details of a history known only by broad outline."

Pu Yi Expected in Tokyo to Testify at War Trials Under Russian Custody News Article

Description: 
Reports that Pu Yi, Japanese puppet ruler of Manchuria for 11 years, will testify before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. States that Pu Yi will remain in Russian custody at all times. Gives a brief background of Pu Yi's rule in Manchuria and states that his whereabouts have been unknown since Russia overran Manchuria in 1945.

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