The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

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Testimony

Powell Says Shigemitsu Sought Peace News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the prosecution's witness testimony of John B. Powell who stated that Mamoru Shigemitsu "did 'all he could' to restore peace in Shanghai after the outbreak of hostilities there in 1932." Powell also recounted the movements of the Chinese 19th Route Army around Shanghai after the Manchurian Incident. This was the second day of Powell's testimony for the prosecution's "All China Military Aggression Phase." On the first day he discussed the treatment of prisoners of war by the Japanese army.

Japanese Forces Said Unprepared for China Affair News Article

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Reports on the testimony of General Hayao Tada who told the Tribunal that "no plans for the Pacific War were made during his tenure of office as Vice-Chief of General Staff between August, 1937 and December, 1938." He repeatedly emphasized that "fighting in China had broken out spontaneously." The prosecution objected to his testimony and brought up the earlier affidavit given by Colonel David D. Barrett who "believed that the incident at Wanping, near Marco Polo Bridge, was the 'carefully prepared excuse for the second stage of Japan's undeclared war on China.'" Also discusses the defense cross-examination of Wang Len-chai, magistrate of Wanpinghsian and the introduction of the prosecution's witness, A. A. Dorrance, "formerly manager of the Standard Oil Company in Hankow."

More Facts Shown on Military Training News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Yukitoki Takikawa and Hyoe Ouchi regarding graduation requirements for Kyoto Imperial University (including mandatory military training and lectures). They offered insight into the military training that accompanied the school's curriculum. Also recounts how the cross-examination of Ouchi progressed.

Manchurian War Blamed on Army News Article

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Reports on the testimony given by Ken Inukai (son of the late premier Tsuyoshi Inukai) and Baron Reijiro Wataksuki, both of whom testified that "extremist elements in the Japanese army planned and carried out the conquest of Manchuria in complete defiance of the wishes of Emperor Hirohito and the civilian governments in power at the time." They discussed Araki and Minami as well as the aggressive actions that occurred in China.

Aggression Plot to Link 3 Areas in Continent Bared News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka regarding propaganda, the patriotic league Sakurai Kai, the Kwantung Army, and aggression in Manchuria. Names specific policies taken by the Tojo government and the Five Year Plan for Manchuoka. At one point, the article states "Prosecutor Sackett then attempted to delve into the autonomous movements that were launched in Mongolia and North China. Lawrence J. McManus, defense counsel, objected heatedly to the devastating statements made by Tanaka on the ground of irrelevancy, but Justice Webb declared that the issues before the Tribunal were so vast, multitudinous, involved and co-related that he could hardly judge what is and what is not relevant."

Jap Schoolboys Taught to Love War, Court Told News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Lt. Col. Donald R. Nugent (who served as the head of Gen. MacArthur's civil information and education section). Under questioning by assistant prosecutor Valentine Hammack, Nugent stated that "up to 40 per cent of a student's time in schools at Wakayama and Osaka . . . was taken up with militaristic studies." Also goes into detail regarding how the defense counsel tried to counter Nugent's testimony and trip him up. Summarizes what the prosecution hopes to achieve during the first phase of the chase, including "that Jap militarists began an organized campaign in 1922 to condition the national mind of aggressive warfare."

Tanaka Tells Second Effort to Oust Tojo News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Maj. Gen. Ryukichi Tanaka where he stated that "he made a vigorous effort during 1944 to induce Gen. Kasushige Ugaki to head a movement to obtain control of the Japanese Government and end the war." Also refers to Tanaka's first attempt to overthrow the Tojo government. Other topics discussed include Okawa's actions in Manchuria, the Kwantung Army, and guidelines from Sir William Webb on the types of arguments that would be admissible before the tribunal.

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