The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Testimony

Tanaka Tells Second Effort to Oust Tojo News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Maj. Gen. Ryukichi Tanaka where he stated that "he made a vigorous effort during 1944 to induce Gen. Kasushige Ugaki to head a movement to obtain control of the Japanese Government and end the war." Also refers to Tanaka's first attempt to overthrow the Tojo government. Other topics discussed include Okawa's actions in Manchuria, the Kwantung Army, and guidelines from Sir William Webb on the types of arguments that would be admissible before the tribunal.

Shidehara Says China Caused Peace Failure News Article

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Reports on the testimony of Kijuro Shidehara who stated that "disagreement within the Chinese Government prevented the success of peace meetings following the Manchurian Incident" and that there was "no difficulty on the Japanese side." Further testimony explores the sequence of events and negotiations regarding Manchuria.

Boyington Tells What 'Special Prisoners' Got News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Lt. Col. Gregory Boyington who explained the difference between a "special prisoner" and a regular prisoner of war. He stated that "the prisoners were often confined in local jails; they were not allowed medical care; they could not take shelter during air raids; the United States Government was not notified of their capture; they received half the regular prisoner-of-war food ration, and they were not supposed to speak to regular prisoners." Boyington related how he and his cell mate, Major Donald Winser Boyle, discussed "install[ing] soda fountains in every room when they came home."

Prof Testifies Jap Education Aimed at War News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by "Prof. Hyoe Oichi of the Imperial University of Tokyo" who stated that "one of the purposes of military training in Japanese schools was the domination of the world." Oichi spent 11 months in custody which the defense tried to prove was a result of Communist activities. Oichi offered a picture of how professors were supposed to teach Japanese students, including the fact that "the idea of world domination was 'woven into Japanese education." Also testifying was Prof. Yukitaki Takikawa of Kyoto University.

Propaganda for War Brought Up at Trial News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Nobumi Ito, former President of the Board of Information, regarding the use of propaganda to prepare the Japanese populace of war with the United States and Great Britain. Describes in detail the actions taken by the Japanese government to use propaganda as early as 1930 to build support for action in Manchuria. Also testifying to the use of propaganda was former Education Minister Tamon Mayeda who asserted that Shumei Okawa was "one of the leading writers of that period, urging expansion and control of Manchuria." Other materials submitted into evidence by the prosecution to build their case regarding the use of propaganda included "a set of paper theatrical pictures which Akio Saki, president of the Nippon Kamishibai Kaisha, claimed were shown to children throughout Japan." The end of the article addressed ongoing translation concerns voiced by the defense.

First Jap Newscast of Dec. 8 in U. S. Hands News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the playing of "a transcription of the first Japanese newscast of Japan's declaration of war upon the United States and Britain" during the trial. Also reports on the testimony offered by Morio Tatera ("who voiced the first war news to Japan") regarding the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Japan Unprepared for War - Tanaka News Article

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Reports on the testimony of Major General Ryusuke Tanaka who asserted that he told Tojo that "while Your Excellency seems to have the feeling of certainty of a Japanese victory, I think it is hopeless." Tanaka also stated that he had asked Shigenori Togo to "start a political movement to oust Tojo" but he did not testify as to the outcome of the request. Other topics discussed during his testimony include the size and effectiveness of the Japanese military.

Pu Yi Here to Testify at Trials News Article

Description: 
Reports on the arrival of Henry Pu Yi, Japanese puppet ruler of Manchuria, at the Atsugi airport. He flew in from Russia (where was being held in custody) and was expected to testify sometime late in the following week before the tribunal. The article concluded that "Pu Yi's testimony is expected to throw a searching light on details of a history known only by broad outline."

Pu Yi Expected in Tokyo to Testify at War Trials Under Russian Custody News Article

Description: 
Reports that Pu Yi, Japanese puppet ruler of Manchuria for 11 years, will testify before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. States that Pu Yi will remain in Russian custody at all times. Gives a brief background of Pu Yi's rule in Manchuria and states that his whereabouts have been unknown since Russia overran Manchuria in 1945.

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