The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Propaganda

Doc. No. 1249 Suppl. - Analysis of Documentary Evidence

Contributors: 
Description: 
Analysis of SHUHO (Government Weekly). Persons implicated: HIROTA; OSHIMA; ARITA. Crimes to which applicable: Violation of Nine-Power Treaty (Manchukuo); conspiracy for aggressive warfare against China (Anti-Comintern Pact); thought control.
Date: 
1946CE Apr 26th

Aggression Plot to Link 3 Areas in Continent Bared News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka regarding propaganda, the patriotic league Sakurai Kai, the Kwantung Army, and aggression in Manchuria. Names specific policies taken by the Tojo government and the Five Year Plan for Manchuoka. At one point, the article states "Prosecutor Sackett then attempted to delve into the autonomous movements that were launched in Mongolia and North China. Lawrence J. McManus, defense counsel, objected heatedly to the devastating statements made by Tanaka on the ground of irrelevancy, but Justice Webb declared that the issues before the Tribunal were so vast, multitudinous, involved and co-related that he could hardly judge what is and what is not relevant."

Show Film at Trials as Proof of Jap Military Education News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the viewing of the "Critical Period in Japan" during the tribunal proceedings as supporting proof offered by the prosecution against Sadao Araki. The film was a propaganda piece used to promote militarism and imperialism prior to the war. The defense protested the viewing due to the short notice and Sir William Webb ultimately adjourned the court until Monday so that both the prosecution and defense would have time to prepare.

Propaganda for War Brought Up at Trial News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Nobumi Ito, former President of the Board of Information, regarding the use of propaganda to prepare the Japanese populace of war with the United States and Great Britain. Describes in detail the actions taken by the Japanese government to use propaganda as early as 1930 to build support for action in Manchuria. Also testifying to the use of propaganda was former Education Minister Tamon Mayeda who asserted that Shumei Okawa was "one of the leading writers of that period, urging expansion and control of Manchuria." Other materials submitted into evidence by the prosecution to build their case regarding the use of propaganda included "a set of paper theatrical pictures which Akio Saki, president of the Nippon Kamishibai Kaisha, claimed were shown to children throughout Japan." The end of the article addressed ongoing translation concerns voiced by the defense.

Document No. 1909

Description: 
Transcripts and summaries related to Japanese propaganda films "Glorious Japan" found on 3 reels (and divided into four parts). "Glorious Japan" was "dedicated to the people of Japan, as a historical record of Japan's efforts for the past two years for peace in the Orient." Lists the individuals involved in its production.

Prosecution Offers Additional Evidence on Manchuria Grab News Article

Description: 
Reports on the prosecution's introduction of a series of documents into evidence that illustrate the aggressive measures undertaken by Japan and the Kwantung Army in Manchuria. Discusses the propaganda measures undertaken and the planning of Japan preemptively address charges related to violating non-aggression treaties (including the establishment of Manchoukuo). The evidence was proffered by assistant prosecutor John A. Darsey, with a brief interruption by defense counsel William Logan. Reports on detailed events of the day at the tribunal.

Group Numbers and Assigned Counsel

Description: 
Lists the assigned counsel for each group assigned to specific aspects of the trial. Groups include: 1. Japanese Constitution, Written and Customary, and the Functions of the Various Offices Held by Defendants; 2. Manchurian Military Aggression, 1931-1945; 3. All China Military Aggression, 1937-1945; 4. Economic Aggression in China, 1932-1945; 5. Narcotics in China and Elsewhere, 1923-1945; 6. Preparations for War; 7. Preparing Japanese Opinion for War; 8. Relations with Germany, Italy, France, and Thailand; 9. Relations with U. S. S. R.; 10. Relations with U. S. A. and British Commonwealth; 11. Relations with Netherlands and Portugal; 12. Class B Offenses; 13. Class C. Offenses 1931-45; 14. Law Relating to Class A; 15. Law Relating to Class B and C.

Doc. No. 1619 - Analysis of Documentary Evidence

Contributors: 
Description: 
Analysis of World Significance of the Dutch East Indies. Crimes to which Document Applicable: Preparing Japanese opinion for war. "Summary of relevant points: Pamphlet, by International Thought Research Laboratory, was written by MIZUSHIMA, Hitoshi, as an argument for Japan's control of the Dutch East Indies, to help establish the "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere." /A.N. An attempt to rationalize Japan's need of D. E. I.)"
Date: 
1946CE May 14th

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