The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Mukden Incident

Manchurian War Blamed on Army News Article

Reports on the testimony given by Ken Inukai (son of the late premier Tsuyoshi Inukai) and Baron Reijiro Wataksuki, both of whom testified that "extremist elements in the Japanese army planned and carried out the conquest of Manchuria in complete defiance of the wishes of Emperor Hirohito and the civilian governments in power at the time." They discussed Araki and Minami as well as the aggressive actions that occurred in China.

Nippon Times - July 10, 1946

Nippon Times No. 16,994 from Wednesday, July 10, 1946. Topics covered include reports on the tribunal's progress regarding the Manchurian Phase (and Mukden Incident), the current Japanese government, movement of Jews into Poland, the expulsion of 54,000 Austrians from Russia, election in Mexico, affairs in the Soviet Union, and general international affairs.
1946CE Jul 10th

Jap Ex-Consul at Mukden is Heard at Trial News Article

Reports on the testimony of Morito Morishima, former assistant Japanese counsel general at Mukden, at the Tokyo war crimes trial regarding the Kwantung army's actions in Manchuria. Also reports that Yosuchi Kimura, former civilian guard at the Omori POW camp was sentenced to five years of hard labor.

Former Tribune Writer Tells of Manchuria Plot News Article

Reports on the testimony of J. B. Powell, a former American reporter for the Chicago Tribune, who related to the war crimes court at Tokyo his experiences in Manchuria following the Mukden incident. Indicates that the defense objections to his testimony were so strong that Sir William Webb warned that if Maj. George Furness continued his defense strategy, "we won't allow you to say another word."

Japanese Treaty Analysis Project

Gives an overview of responsibilities and tasks assigned to the Japanese Treaty Analysis Project members who are charged with "determining violations of treaties entered into by Japan with other nations." Incidents to be examined include: 1. The Mukden Incident and Manchuria; 2. Marco Polo Bridge and North China; 3. Spratly Islands; 4. Establishment of the Nanking Government; 5. French Indo-China; 6. Thailand; 7. Singapore and Malaya; 8. Mandated Islands; 9. Naval Limitations Treaty; 10. Hawaiian Islands; 11. Miscellaneous.
1945CE Oct 1st

General Fails to Place Blame for 'Incident' News Article

Reports on the testimony of Chinese General Chin Teh-chun, "former Peiping mayor and vice-commander of the Chinese 29th Army," including the fact that he was apparently unable to "substantiate his previous accusation that the defendant, Gen. Kenji Doihara, was instigator of the Mukden incident." Focuses on the cross-examination the defense attorney's gave to Teh-chun. An interesting excerpt includes "Former Premier Hideki Tojo enjoyed the morning session, smiling broadly on hearing the questions of Chinese distinity that were put to the Chinese witness." Also reports that Joseph B. Keenan returned to the IPS after his travel related to the war crimes trial.

Names Instigators of China 'Incident' News Article

Reports on the testimony by Chinese General Chin Teh-chun, vice minister of military operations, after a 12 day recess due to a lack of air conditioning in the IMTFE courtroom. Teh-chun's testimony focused on the Marco Polo Bridge incident (July 7, 1937) where, he stated, General Kenji Doihara was "the instigator of Japanese aggression in North China" as well as "the Mukden incident in Manchuria on September 18, 1931." He also named four other Japanese military officers (Sieji Katsuki, Seizo Kawabe, Renyam Mutaguchi, and Takashi Sakai) as instigators of the Marco Polo Bridge incident. The article also gives a synopsis of other events at the day's proceedings, including the fact that much of the morning session was occupied by straightening out language and translation issues.

Notes on GODO

Gives outline of GODO's activities with references to series and page numbers. States that during the Mukden Incident, GODO was president of the SHOWA Steel Works and Director of the South Manchurian Railway and during that time, he expressed his opinion to the President against military action. GODO states that he repeated this opinion to Baron WAKATSUKI and General HONJO. As a result of this anti-military action opinion, GODO felt he was treated coldly by the Japanese Army in Manchuria until he left in 1937. States that Col. ITAGAKI "was one of the leading officers of the Kwantung Army at that time." Finally, GODO was appointed to the HAYASHI Cabinet in February 1937 until forced to resign on June 4, 1937 with the rest of the cabinet by General SUGIYAMA (spokesman for the Army). The first KONOYE Cabinet succeeded them.
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