The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

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Press - Response to Trial

Atrocities Convict Total of 108 Japs News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Article from the Pacific Stars and Stripes that reports on the sentencing of 54 Japanese to death and the sentencing of another 54 to various terms of imprisonment by the Manila trial. Describes the atrocities for which the defendants were convicted of committing. Also reports that "atrocity investigations under Col. Alva C. Carpenter, who fills a dual position as chief both of the Manila and Tokyo legal section offices, have been conducted in every Philippine Island, Borneo, and Celebes" and that more trials are expected. Gives figures for those killed and details on "one of the worst atrocity incidents on record" that "took place at the Puerto Princessa Camp on Palawan."
Date: 
1946CE Jul 31st

Prof Testifies Jap Education Aimed at War News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by "Prof. Hyoe Oichi of the Imperial University of Tokyo" who stated that "one of the purposes of military training in Japanese schools was the domination of the world." Oichi spent 11 months in custody which the defense tried to prove was a result of Communist activities. Oichi offered a picture of how professors were supposed to teach Japanese students, including the fact that "the idea of world domination was 'woven into Japanese education." Also testifying was Prof. Yukitaki Takikawa of Kyoto University.

Propaganda for War Brought Up at Trial News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Nobumi Ito, former President of the Board of Information, regarding the use of propaganda to prepare the Japanese populace of war with the United States and Great Britain. Describes in detail the actions taken by the Japanese government to use propaganda as early as 1930 to build support for action in Manchuria. Also testifying to the use of propaganda was former Education Minister Tamon Mayeda who asserted that Shumei Okawa was "one of the leading writers of that period, urging expansion and control of Manchuria." Other materials submitted into evidence by the prosecution to build their case regarding the use of propaganda included "a set of paper theatrical pictures which Akio Saki, president of the Nippon Kamishibai Kaisha, claimed were shown to children throughout Japan." The end of the article addressed ongoing translation concerns voiced by the defense.

News Man Who Lost Feet as PW to Testify News Article

Description: 
Reports that John B. Powell, a newspaperman stationed in Shanghai during Japanese occupation has returned to Tokyo in order to testify to the conditions he witnessed during his time as a prisoner-of-war at the Bridge-House prison camp. He was ultimately repatriated to the United States in 1942 where he spent the following three years in a hospital as a result of the gangrene he contracted while imprisoned.

First Jap Newscast of Dec. 8 in U. S. Hands News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the playing of "a transcription of the first Japanese newscast of Japan's declaration of war upon the United States and Britain" during the trial. Also reports on the testimony offered by Morio Tatera ("who voiced the first war news to Japan") regarding the attack on Pearl Harbor.

2 More Convicted for PW Atrocities News Article

Description: 
Reports on the convictions and sentencing of Yoshio Kameoka (civilian interpreter at the Narumi prisoner-of-war camp near Nagoya) and Lt. Takeharu Hirata (former commandant of Fukuoka Prisoner of War Camp No. 23). Also reports on the admittance of Vice-Admiral Naomasa Sakonji and 21 other suspected Japanese war criminals to Sugamo prison. Lists the atrocities the individuals were charged with committing.

Japan Unprepared for War - Tanaka News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Major General Ryusuke Tanaka who asserted that he told Tojo that "while Your Excellency seems to have the feeling of certainty of a Japanese victory, I think it is hopeless." Tanaka also stated that he had asked Shigenori Togo to "start a political movement to oust Tojo" but he did not testify as to the outcome of the request. Other topics discussed during his testimony include the size and effectiveness of the Japanese military.

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