The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Japanese Aggression in Manchuria

Doc. No. 260 Summary

Description: 
Defense document number 260 - Map of Distribution of Japanese in Manchuria, 1928 exhibit description. For use in the Manchurian phase. Notation at the top of the page states "withdrawn - to be introduced later." Bottom part of the page has a handwritten note: "Check page 29, Lytton Rep't." Summary of document states: "It could be pointed out that though the total Japanese population of Manchuria in 1928 is only given as 206,203, the 101,000 Japanese living in Kwantung Leased Territory were actually under Japanese rule and another 88,000 in the SMR zone were under Japanese military protection. Hence the bona fide Japanese settlers at this time numbered only about 16,000 persons."

Affidavit of Ai-Sin-Cho-Lo PU YI

Description: 
Document No. 2456. Affidavit of Ai-Sin-Cho-Lo PU YI (former Emperor of Manchukuo) taken at Habarvosk "made before the Soviet Union Military Interrogating Officer, Colonel Kudriavtsev." Translation of full affidavit. Topics include: biography of Pu Yi; Japanese occupation of Manchuria; actions of the Kwantung Army; governance of Manchukuo; the Privy Council.
Date: 
1946CE Jun 12th

Japan Trained Troops for War With Russians News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Ryukichi Tanaka regarding the training of "an estimated 2,500,000 men in Manchuria for war against Soviet Russia." "It was in line with this belief that a conflict with Russia was unavoidable that the Japanese set up a series of pro-Japanese governments in North China and inner Mongolia after their conquest of Manchuria," Tanaka testified. He also gave evidence regarding "the series of plots by a coalition of Japanese civilian ultra-nationalist groups and extreme militarists which brought about the Manchurian incident beginning Sept. 18, 1931."

Tanaka Reveals He Tried to Oust Tojo During War News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka, ex-Major General and Chief of the Military Service Bureau of the War Ministry, regarding his conflicting opinions with Prime Minister Hideki Tojo. Tanaka also states that he had asked Shigenori Togo to lead a political movement to oust Tojo. This article covers the third day of Tanaka's testimony on the witness stand. He went into detail on the reasons that led to his resignation, including his belief in "Japan's inadequate war preparedness, friction between the Army and Navy and fear of subordinate officers to report to their superiors of the actual preparation conditions." The article discusses the mental and physical state of Tanaka stating that "previous speculation that the defense in its cross-examination would attempt to prove that the prosecution's star witness was mentally unbalanced failed to materialize yesterday morning."

Three Defendants Named as Plotters for Manchu Grab News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Major-General Ryukichi Tanaka where he asserted that Col. Kuwamoto was "directly responsible for the assassination of Marshal Chang Tso-lin." He also accused Kingoro Hashimoto, Seishiro Itagaki, and Okawa Shumei (along with three others) as "having been elements backing the occupation of Manchuria." Tanaka was questioned by Edwin B. Sackett. Further testimony given by Tanaka discusses the military actions and occupation of Manchuria. Other evidence entered during the day's proceedings included Kingoro Hashimoto's book "The Road to World Reconstruction."

Japanese-Seated Puppet Emperor of Manchuria Will Testify at Trials News Article

Description: 
Reports that the Soviet Union will bring Henry Pu Yi, former Manchurian puppet leader, to Tokyo in order to testify at the war crimes trial. Also reports on the testimony given by retired Japanese General Hayao Tada regarding military operations in China, including the capture of Shanghai. Other witnesses discussed (with descriptions of their testimony) include: Liang Ting-fang (a member of the Chinese army medical corps at Nanking during occupation) and Col. David D. Barrett (United States military attache who witnessed the Marco Polo Bridge incident).

Pu Yi Tells of Jap Opium Sale News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Henry Pu Yi, former puppet ruler of Manchuria. While he testified that "Japan made opium addicts of Manchurians to keep down revolt and was planning an invasion of Soviet Russia," Pu Yi subsequently had trouble remembering events when he was cross-examined by defense counsel. Gives details on the questions asked and Pu Yi's responses. The article concludes by stating "Pu Yi is in Soviet custody, and is expected to be returned to Moscow after his testimony is concluded."

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