The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Trial Progress

Tanaka Reveals He Tried to Oust Tojo During War News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka, ex-Major General and Chief of the Military Service Bureau of the War Ministry, regarding his conflicting opinions with Prime Minister Hideki Tojo. Tanaka also states that he had asked Shigenori Togo to lead a political movement to oust Tojo. This article covers the third day of Tanaka's testimony on the witness stand. He went into detail on the reasons that led to his resignation, including his belief in "Japan's inadequate war preparedness, friction between the Army and Navy and fear of subordinate officers to report to their superiors of the actual preparation conditions." The article discusses the mental and physical state of Tanaka stating that "previous speculation that the defense in its cross-examination would attempt to prove that the prosecution's star witness was mentally unbalanced failed to materialize yesterday morning."

Physicians Doubtful Hospitalized Okawa Will be Able to Attend War Trials Again News Article

Description: 
Gives a status update on Dr. Shumei Okawa and quotes Dr. Nishimura as saying that he believed Okawa might recover a little but that "I doubt whether he could recover completely to be able to attend the International Tribunal again."
Date: 
1946CE Jul 1st

Tokyo Tribunal Sets June 3 as Tojo Trial Date

Description: 
Reports on the arraignment of Tojo and 26 other war criminals in front of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East and that all accused entered pleas of innocent. The defense had entered motions to dismiss challenging the court's jurisdiction as well as their contention that "under the terms of the Potsdam declaration, war crimes can be charged against persons who violated international law after the outbreak of hostilities, and that the court therefore cannot try high government officials for acts committed prior to the war."

Secret Japanese Papers Uncovered for Trials News Article

Description: 
Reports on the entering into evidence of "several secret documents which most Japanese government officials thought had been destroyed." Also reports that Saburo Kurusu, "Japan's special peace envoy to Washington as the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, supplied the prosecution with much valuable information." The article ends with an announcement that Joseph B. Keenan has been preparing the prosecution's opening statement and that it was likely to take a full trial day to present to the tribunal.

Japanese-Seated Puppet Emperor of Manchuria Will Testify at Trials News Article

Description: 
Reports that the Soviet Union will bring Henry Pu Yi, former Manchurian puppet leader, to Tokyo in order to testify at the war crimes trial. Also reports on the testimony given by retired Japanese General Hayao Tada regarding military operations in China, including the capture of Shanghai. Other witnesses discussed (with descriptions of their testimony) include: Liang Ting-fang (a member of the Chinese army medical corps at Nanking during occupation) and Col. David D. Barrett (United States military attache who witnessed the Marco Polo Bridge incident).

Tojo's Counsel Asks for Delay in War Trial News Article

Description: 
Reports on the defense counsel request for a trial postponement to June 3rd so that they would have adequate time to prepare. They pointed out that the prosecution had six months of preparation time as well as extensive support staff. The last paragraph states "United Press quoted sources saying that some members of the defense staff were 'not entirely pleased' with the selection of Nav Capt. Beverly M. Coleman as head of all defense counsel and that this was partly responsible for the delay motion."
Date: 
1946CE May 30th

Cramer's Seat on Tribunal Challenged News Article

Description: 
Reports on the defense challenges to the replacement of John P. Higgins with Myron C. Cramer as a judge on the Military Tribunal for the Far East. The defense requested a mistrial on the grounds that charter had not specifically allowed for Cramer to sit as a replacement on the tribunal.

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