The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Japanese Military

Shidehara Says China Caused Peace Failure News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Kijuro Shidehara who stated that "disagreement within the Chinese Government prevented the success of peace meetings following the Manchurian Incident" and that there was "no difficulty on the Japanese side." Further testimony explores the sequence of events and negotiations regarding Manchuria.

Prof Testifies Jap Education Aimed at War News Article

Contributors: 
Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by "Prof. Hyoe Oichi of the Imperial University of Tokyo" who stated that "one of the purposes of military training in Japanese schools was the domination of the world." Oichi spent 11 months in custody which the defense tried to prove was a result of Communist activities. Oichi offered a picture of how professors were supposed to teach Japanese students, including the fact that "the idea of world domination was 'woven into Japanese education." Also testifying was Prof. Yukitaki Takikawa of Kyoto University.

Japan Unprepared for War - Tanaka News Article

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Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Major General Ryusuke Tanaka who asserted that he told Tojo that "while Your Excellency seems to have the feeling of certainty of a Japanese victory, I think it is hopeless." Tanaka also stated that he had asked Shigenori Togo to "start a political movement to oust Tojo" but he did not testify as to the outcome of the request. Other topics discussed during his testimony include the size and effectiveness of the Japanese military.

The Military Clique by Ryūkichi Tanaka

Contributors: 
Description: 
敗因を衝く : 軍閥専横の実相 / Haiin o tsuku : Gunbatsu sen'ō no jissō. This is Ryūkichi Tanaka's thoughts on Japan's defeat. Tanaka served in various military positions throughout Japan's aggression in Manchuria and World War II. He served as an important witness during the Tokyo War Crimes Trial. The publication is entirely in Japanese and was published in 1946 (Showa 21) by Sansuisha. The cover page has a dedication to "Mr. Capt. Phelp, 1946, 22, Feb, ā Tokyo" from Tanaka (possibly Ryukichi Tanaka and not another individual). Only the front cover, spine, cover page with signature, and back cover have been digitized and presented on this digital archive due to copyright restrictions.
Date: 
1946CE Feb 22nd

Nippon Times - August 8, 1946

Description: 
Nippon Times, No. 17,023 from Thursday, August 8, 1946. On front page are two articles relating to the tribunal: 1. "Pu Yi Expected in Tokyo to Testify at War Trials Under Russian Custody"and 2. "Japanese Forces Said Unprepared for China Affair; Prosecution Witness Testified Pacific War Plans Were Not in Existence in 1938." Other articles in the newspaper report on international affairs.
Date: 
1946CE Aug 8th

War in Manchuria Act of Aggression, Prosecutor Stays News Article

Description: 
Reports on assistant prosecutor Walter MacKenzie's attempt to "prove conclusively that Japan did not act in self defense on September 18, 1931, and that China was totally not responsible for the outbreak of the Manchurian Incident" by directly quoting the Lytton Report. Gives details about the day's proceedings at the Tribunal. Topics include: the puppet emperor Pu-Yi, testimony from a former South Manchuria Railway Company employee, the financial state of Manchuokuo (evidence offered by John A. Darsey), objections to the evidence lodged by Capt. Alfred Brooks, construction of the Kirin-Tunghua Railway Extension line, Japanese aviation projects in Manchuria, and notable persons present at the tribunal.

Tells Court Jap Cabinet Had No Rule Over Army News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Reijiro Wakatsuki (Japanese Premier in 1931) who stated to the tribunal that "the Japanese army plunged ahead over the protests of the imperial government" when they invaded Manchuria. This testimony related to Sir William Webb's efforts "to determine whether Emperor Hirohito had any war responsibility."

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