The Tokyo War Crimes Trial, U.Va.

The Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Digital Collection

Japanese Military

Affidavit of Ai-Sin-Cho-Lo PU YI

Description: 
Document No. 2456. Affidavit of Ai-Sin-Cho-Lo PU YI (former Emperor of Manchukuo) taken at Habarvosk "made before the Soviet Union Military Interrogating Officer, Colonel Kudriavtsev." Translation of full affidavit. Topics include: biography of Pu Yi; Japanese occupation of Manchuria; actions of the Kwantung Army; governance of Manchukuo; the Privy Council.
Date: 
1946CE Jun 12th

Reflecting on the War

Contributors: 
Description: 
Speech given by Takako NAGAYO on December 20, 1945 regarding December 8, 1941 (the attack on Pearl Harbor), the entry into an all out war, and the propaganda that led to such circumstances. It is critical of the Japanese government's actions and it outlines the military's actions throughout the war. Closes by mentioning the atomic bomb and the "declaration of war from Russia."
Date: 
1945CE Dec 20th

Japan Trained Troops for War With Russians News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony of Ryukichi Tanaka regarding the training of "an estimated 2,500,000 men in Manchuria for war against Soviet Russia." "It was in line with this belief that a conflict with Russia was unavoidable that the Japanese set up a series of pro-Japanese governments in North China and inner Mongolia after their conquest of Manchuria," Tanaka testified. He also gave evidence regarding "the series of plots by a coalition of Japanese civilian ultra-nationalist groups and extreme militarists which brought about the Manchurian incident beginning Sept. 18, 1931."

Tanaka Reveals He Tried to Oust Tojo During War News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Ryukichi Tanaka, ex-Major General and Chief of the Military Service Bureau of the War Ministry, regarding his conflicting opinions with Prime Minister Hideki Tojo. Tanaka also states that he had asked Shigenori Togo to lead a political movement to oust Tojo. This article covers the third day of Tanaka's testimony on the witness stand. He went into detail on the reasons that led to his resignation, including his belief in "Japan's inadequate war preparedness, friction between the Army and Navy and fear of subordinate officers to report to their superiors of the actual preparation conditions." The article discusses the mental and physical state of Tanaka stating that "previous speculation that the defense in its cross-examination would attempt to prove that the prosecution's star witness was mentally unbalanced failed to materialize yesterday morning."

Three Defendants Named as Plotters for Manchu Grab News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Major-General Ryukichi Tanaka where he asserted that Col. Kuwamoto was "directly responsible for the assassination of Marshal Chang Tso-lin." He also accused Kingoro Hashimoto, Seishiro Itagaki, and Okawa Shumei (along with three others) as "having been elements backing the occupation of Manchuria." Tanaka was questioned by Edwin B. Sackett. Further testimony given by Tanaka discusses the military actions and occupation of Manchuria. Other evidence entered during the day's proceedings included Kingoro Hashimoto's book "The Road to World Reconstruction."

Japanese-Seated Puppet Emperor of Manchuria Will Testify at Trials News Article

Description: 
Reports that the Soviet Union will bring Henry Pu Yi, former Manchurian puppet leader, to Tokyo in order to testify at the war crimes trial. Also reports on the testimony given by retired Japanese General Hayao Tada regarding military operations in China, including the capture of Shanghai. Other witnesses discussed (with descriptions of their testimony) include: Liang Ting-fang (a member of the Chinese army medical corps at Nanking during occupation) and Col. David D. Barrett (United States military attache who witnessed the Marco Polo Bridge incident).

Names Instigators of China 'Incident' News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony by Chinese General Chin Teh-chun, vice minister of military operations, after a 12 day recess due to a lack of air conditioning in the IMTFE courtroom. Teh-chun's testimony focused on the Marco Polo Bridge incident (July 7, 1937) where, he stated, General Kenji Doihara was "the instigator of Japanese aggression in North China" as well as "the Mukden incident in Manchuria on September 18, 1931." He also named four other Japanese military officers (Sieji Katsuki, Seizo Kawabe, Renyam Mutaguchi, and Takashi Sakai) as instigators of the Marco Polo Bridge incident. The article also gives a synopsis of other events at the day's proceedings, including the fact that much of the morning session was occupied by straightening out language and translation issues.

Grim Account of 'Rape of Nanking' Told Court News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Dr. Hsu Chuan-ying, a Nanking resident, during the 'Rape of Nanking' and subsequent occupation by the Japanese military. Describes the mutilation of women, the burning of homes, and the mass killing of Chinese citizens. David N. Sutton was the prosecutor who questioned him on the stand. Chuan-ying defends the "Chinese Red Swastika Society," where he served as vice-chairman, as a "philanthropic organization." Two other short news wire pieces report on "Chinese Said Grateful for Presence of GI's" and "Terauchi's Remains Due Here."

Dr. Wilson Relates Six Weeks of Orgy After Entry Into Nanking News Article

Description: 
Goes into great detail on the witness testimony from Dr. Robert O. Wilson, a former Nanking surgeon, regarding the 'Rape of Nanking' and subsequent occupation of the area by the Japanese military. Graphic descriptions of atrocities perpetrated on women as well as the recounting of mass executions that Wilson witnessed.

Rape of Nanking Told by Doctor in Trial of Tojo News Article

Description: 
Reports on the testimony given by Dr. Robert O. Wilson, surgeon at Nanking's university hospital, regarding the atrocities committed by Japanese soldiers during the "Rape of Nanking." Gives accounts of Japanese soldiers violating Chinese women. Dr. Wilson also told of the increased opium sales after Japanese occupation.

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